What is the gingival retraction and why is it important to follow?
In simple terms, we are talking about withdrawing from the tooth and gums and tooth root exposure, shifting her position from the edge of the gums, physical. Gingival retraction may be a sign or symptom of periodontal disease, but we'll talk about that in another article.
Gingival retraction appear why?
There are many factors that determine the appearance of gingival retractiei:
1.In first, we find traumatic origin, gingival retraction of:
- incorrect brushing-teeth brushing technique when horizontally with a toothbrush with bristles;
- FLOSS incorrectly used;
- piercings in the lip or tongue;
- orthodontic treatments without respecting the instructions of hygiene;
- faulty bite;
- prosthetic treatments (prosthetic or prosthetic);
2. Gingival retraction of bacterial origin:
- It is caused by the accumulation of bacterial plaque on the tooth surface which leads to inflammatory changes of the gingiva.
3. Gingival retraction of mixed origin:
- triggered by a traumatic brushing dental sensitivity and the inability of the patient to control the buildup of plaque.
Signs and symptoms:
-root surfaces exposed by gingival retraction become sensitive to temperature changes and may develop cavities;
-aesthetic deficit because the tooth with a tooth-gingival retractie is "longer" front of teeth.
You must mention that evolution can be stopped retractiei gum and treatment is achieved depending on the trigger factor. If it is small, conservative treatment can be by identifying the factors triggers, removing them and therapy hypersensitivity.
In many situations, but retractiile large gum are deficient aesthetic surgical therapy and impose marked.
There are a variety of surgical techniques through which you can obtain cover gum retractiilor:
1. Basic surgical techniques:
-flap shifted sideways;
-flap shifted coronar;
-the free gingival graft.
2. Advanced surgical techniques:
-connective grafts under different types of flaps;
-additive treatments of root surface;
-control of bacterial plaque through achieving a correct brushing techniques with a soft bristled toothbrush twice a day, every day;
-correct use of dental floss and mouthwash;
-regular checkups at the dentist to determine the best treatment depending on the situation.